This article explains how FreeAgent handles the domestic VAT reverse charge for subcontractors under the Construction Industry Scheme (CIS).
Please note that FreeAgent's CIS functionality won't be available if you have an unincorporated landlord account.
The domestic VAT reverse charge came into effect on 1st March 2021.
VAT-registered subcontractors should follow these instructions when creating CIS invoices for contractors where the domestic VAT reverse charge should be applied.
For information on how FreeAgent handles the domestic VAT reverse charge for contractors, please see this article.
Before you get started
It’s a good idea to review HMRC’s guidelines for the domestic VAT reverse charge and to check that the reverse charge applies to the CIS invoice you need to create.
To apply the domestic VAT reverse charge to a CIS invoice, you must first enable non-standard VAT rates in your FreeAgent settings.
To do this, select ‘Settings’ from the drop-down menu in the top-right corner and then select ‘VAT Registration’ from the ‘Accounting, Tax & VAT’ section.
On the ‘UK VAT Registration’ page, scroll down to the ‘VAT settings’ section and select ‘Yes’ in response to the question ‘Do you need to use VAT rates other than standard UK ones?’. Select ‘Save Changes’ at the bottom of the screen to complete the process.
Next, you must enable the CIS feature for subcontractors in your FreeAgent account before following the steps outlined below.
Creating reverse charge invoices
If you need to apply the domestic VAT reverse charge to a CIS invoice, begin by following the steps to create the invoice, then open the ‘More Options’ section and choose ‘Reverse Charge’ from the ‘VAT Options’. You will only see this option if you have enabled non-standard VAT rates in your FreeAgent settings as described in the ‘Before you get started’ section above. Please note that if your business is based in Northern Ireland, you should select 'EC Services' from the ‘VAT Options’ instead.
Adding text to the invoice
Choosing the ‘Reverse Charge’ option will add the additional text ‘Reverse charge supplies’ to the invoice automatically. You can add to this text if you wish.
To comply with HMRC’s guidelines for creating reverse charge invoices you also need to include the rate or amount of VAT you would have charged on the sale if the reverse charge had not been applied:
- If this is a one-off sale, you can either edit the relevant invoice line item to include this information or add an additional line item, choosing ‘Comment’ as the unit type and including the VAT amount or rate in the description.
- If this is a sale that you will make regularly, we recommend that you save the information as a price list item when you create the invoice. This will allow you to add the information to other invoices quickly in the future. Include the VAT rate or amount in the price list item description, along with the relevant additional wording specified by HMRC, such as “customer to pay the VAT to HMRC”.
The image below shows how this information will be displayed on an invoice. Please note that the VAT rate appears as text and does not affect the amount that the customer is charged.
The effect in your VAT return
FreeAgent will automatically include the value of these invoices in box 6 of your VAT return. You can adjust this figure if you need to. No entries will be added to boxes 1 or 4 as per HMRC’s guidelines.